Julius Nyerere 29 October 1964 to 5 November 1985 TANU, 1977 CCM
Ali Hassan Mwinyi 5 November 1985 to 23 November 1995 CCM
Benjamin Mkapa 23 November 1995 to 21 December 2005 CCM

Colonel Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete (born October 7, 1950) is a Tanzanian politician and Current President. Kikwete was born in Msoga, Bagamoyo District, Tanganyika.

He received his primary education at Msoga Primary School between 1958 and 1961; his middle school education at Lugoba School from 1962 up to 1965. He then moved from Lugoba School to Kibaha Secondary School for O-level education between 1966 to 1969. The following year he joined Tanga Secondary School for advanced level education. Kikwete attended the University of Dar es Salaam from 1972-1978 where he earned a degree in Economics after which he joined the military.

Military Career
In 1983 he attended a one-year Company Commander Course at the Monduli Military Officers College in Monduli, Arusha. Subsqently, he held several posts within the Tanzanian military as follows:
• 1972 - 1979 Lieutenant
• 1979 - 1984 Captain
• 1984 - 1986 Chief Political Instructor Tanzania Peoples Defence Force
• 1984 - 1991 Major
• 1991 - Current - Lieutenant colonel

Political Career
Kikwete served as the foreign minister of Tanzania from 1995 when the government of President Benjamin Mkapa took office. Before that, he served in various posts as minister before he was officially nominated to be the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party's presidential candidate in the general elections, which were held on 14 December 2005. He won the election and was sworn in as president.
• 1988 - 1990 Nominated Member of Parliament
• 1988 - 1990 Deputy Minster of Energy
• 1988 - 1990 Member of Parliament for Bagamoyo District
• 1990 - 1994 Minister of Water, Energy and Minerals
• 1994 - 1995 Minster of Finance
• 1990 - 2005 Elected Member of Parliament for Chalinze District
• 1995 - 2005 Minster of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
• 2005 - Current - President of Tanzania (Sworn in on December 21 2005)
He is the only member of constituency in Bagamoyo district who represented a constituency for three consecutive terms. He began as an MP for Bagamoyo and later for Chalinze when the district was divided into two constituencies in 1995. Kikwete has managed to distance himself from allegations of corruption that have dogged other members of the variouse cabinets in which he has served. Kikwete won the Presidential Election by a landslide, receiving 80.3% of the vote.

Tanzania's new president sworn in

Tanzania's new President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete has been sworn in after winning 80% of the votes in elections last week.
The general election was described by international observers as well run.
Mr Kikwete served for 10 years as Tanzania's foreign minister, after retiring from the military with the rank of lieutenant-colonel.
He says his biggest concern is to try to resolve tensions in the islands of Zanzibar, where the opposition has considerable support.
Thirteen African heads of state witnessed his swearing in.

President Kikwete inherits a country whose economy is growing at a rate of 6% a year and which is politically stable.
In his inauguration speech, he said he would continue the free-market policies of the outgoing president, Benjamin Mkapa, adding that he will make improving relations with the semi-autonomous islands of Zanzibar a priority.
"Those who expect radical changes in policy and direction are mistaken and lost. The government of the fourth republic will build on what was undertaken by previous governments and will continue with all good things," he said.

'Bad loser'

An opposition candidate filed a suit on Monday claiming electoral fraud but Mr Kikwete said he was confident "there was no foul play".

Despite the legal challenge by Labour Party candidate Augustine Mrema, National Electoral Commission head Lewis Makame declared on Tuesday that Mr Kikwete had won the election and would become Tanzania's next president.
Mr Mrema, who won less than 1% of the vote according to official figures, said the poll had been rigged.
Mr Kikwete's nearest rival, the CUF's Ibrahim Lipumba, took 11.6% of the vote and also alleged fraud but did not produce any evidence to back up his claims.
The governing Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party also retained its overwhelming majority in parliament, with 206 out of 232 seats.
Mr Kikwete, 55, takes over from Mr Mkapa, who has stepped down after two terms.
Turnout was 72% of the registered voters with 11.3 million votes cast.