|Nyerere ten years after independence
One of Nyerere's politcal achievements in his career was to make the operational capital Dar es Salaam and setup a militarily secure capital in Dodoma. Below is a map of Dodoma:
Click icon above to view "Tanu National Conference"
This text was taken from Microsoft's Encarta '95 and is the property of Funk & Wagnall's Corporation (1994).
Nyerere, Julius Kambarage (1922- ), first president of Tanzania (1962-1985). The son of a minor chief in Butiama, in what was then British-ruled Tanganyika, Nyerere was educated as a teacher. He entered politics in 1954 and founded the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU); he became the colony's chief minister when TANU won the elections of 1960. Nyerere continued as prime minister when Tanganyika became independent in 1961, but he resigned early in 1962 to concentrate on restructuring TANU for its postindependence role. Elections in 1962 brought him back as president of a republic. In 1964, following a revolution on the Arab-dominated island of Zanzibar and a mutiny in his army, Nyerere formed a union of the two countries, with himself as president. Committed to African liberation, he offered sanctuary in Tanzania to members of the African National Congress and numerous other rebel groups from Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Angola, and Uganda. In 1978, under Nyerere's leadership, Tanzanian troops entered Uganda, deposing dictator Idi Amin.
A strong supporter of indigenous African culture, Nyerere promoted the use of Swahili. Under his leadership Tanzania became the only country on the continent with a native African official language. He also translated the works of Shakespeare into Swahili. His government emphasized ujamaa ("familyhood"), a unique form of rural socialism. He stepped down as president in 1985, but continued as head of the ruling party until 1990. At the time of Nyerere's retirement from TANU party leadership, Tanzania faced major economic problems arising from his attempt to build an agrarian socialist economy. Nevertheless, the country maintained an expanding educational system and a strong sense of national unity unmarked by ethnic unrest. Still active in international politics, Nyerere is addressed throughout Africa as Mwalimu (Swahili, "teacher").
Former Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere has died - one of the most influential African statesmen of his generation.
The 77-year-old statesman was diagnosed with leukaemia in August 1998 and was being treated in a London hospital.The man who led Tanzania to independence and served as its first president from 1961 to 1985, had what was described as a massive stroke earlier this week and doctors said he would not recover.
Addressing the nation on television, Tanzania's current President Benjamin Mkapa announced in October, 2000, that the former President of Tanzania died at 0730 GMT at St Thomas's Hospital in London.